Gloria Macapagal Arroyo back as House Speaker. The Original China Puppet

booksalebooksale Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
edited July 2018 in Local and Foreign Issues

Arroyo blamed for China intrusion in Spratlys

By Willard Cheng, ABS-CBN News

Posted at Jul 06 2011 04:29 PM | Updated as of Jul 07 2011 12:29 AM

MANILA, Philippines - Malacanang on Wednesday said China claimed parts of the Philippines' territorial waters only after the Arroyo government entered into the Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking (JMSU).

JMSU is the tripartite agreement, which the country entered into with the state-owned oil firms of China and Vietnam in 2004.

China's so-called nine-dash line theory also allowed the country to intrude in disputed waters, but it was the JMSU that "provided them an opening for that," Presidential spokesperson Edwin Lacierda said.

"That created a slew of problems for us. Had we stuck to our position before, like I said during the time of President Marcos, there was no issue on certain waters being ours so the JMSU provided an opening for the Chinese to claim and as a result, the 9-dash theory was also laid out," he said.

Asked if the government can file a case against former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo for entering into the JMSU, Lacierda said he has yet to ask the Department of Foreign Affairs on the matter.

President Benigno Aquino III already sounded off earlier that the JMSU should be blamed for the encroachment issues in the disputed waters.

Meanwhile, Lacierda declined to comment on the reported Chinese diplomat banned in the DFA due to his conduct unbecoming in a discussion over t


  • knorrknorr 8anned by Abmin PExer
    Nope, hindi na toh tuta. Gurang na. Aso na :lol:
  • booksalebooksale Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    kinda how china is buying duterte and his cronies too with the disadvantageous loans

    WIKILEAKS: China used ZTE to buy Gloria Macapagal Arroyo influence; A 'typically' Chinese deal

    Friday August 26, 2011 ()

    MANILA, AUGUST 27, 2011 (TRIBUNE) By Michaela P. del Callar - The United States did not see as a threat the flourishing ties between the Philippines and China during the past administration of former President Gloria Arroyo but said the anomalous National Broadband Network (NBN) deal awarded to Chinese supplier ZTE was “typical of the deals that China reportedly uses worldwide to make friends and buy influence,” a 2008 U.S. Embassy cable released yesterday by online whistleblower Wikileaks stated.

    Then U.S. Ambassador to Manila Kristie Kenney, in her April 28, 2008 cable labeled as “sensitive,” believes the U.S. remains a reliable ally of the Philippines despite Manila’s increasing engagement with Beijing as corruption and graft-tainted projects entered into by the two countries had cast a dark cloud over its intensifying relations.

    “Strengthened Philippine-People’s Republic of China ties do not imply a weakening of our strong bonds with the Philippines,” the cable said. “Recent scandals have reawakened long-held views among Filipinos that link ethnic Chinese to corrupt practices.”

    WIKILEAKS China used ZTE to buy Gloria Macapagal Arroyo influence A

    The scuttled deal between Chinese firm Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Co., Ltd., or ZTE and the Arroyo administration, is an allegedly overpriced deal that was supposed to establish a nationwide telecommunications network such as broadband Internet services, video conferencing, landline, mobile phone calls and e-mail requirements for all government agencies from the national to the local level.

    Arroyo, her husband Jose Miguel Arroyo and close political allies reportedly received millions of dollars worth of bribes from the Chinese firm, according to witnesses who testified before Senate hearings.

    “Unlike the World Bank, the IMF, and many bilateral providers of assistance here, China does not link its aid to issues such as good governance, rule of law, or respect for human rights.”

    Thus, “public skepticism and scrutiny have underlined shortcomings in China’s soft power efforts,” Kenney said. .

    The U.S. and China have been at loggerheads in Asia, where they have tried to court support and expand security and economic clout. In recent years, the Philippines’ bilateral relations with China, particularly the economic aspect of its ties, increasingly became more dynamic and vibrant than the U.S. In 2008, Kenney said bilateral trade figures surged to a record high of $30.62 billion, an almost 10-fold increase from the $3.14 billion in 2000.

    However, Kenney said the U.S. still enjoys popularity in the country as majority of Filipinos view the country as the Philippines’ most trusted ally, both now and 10 years hence, citing poll results.

    “The mission continues to stress that we do not view increased Chinese trade, investment, and development assistance as detrimental, while noting the need to use aid to strengthen transparency and good governance,” she said.

    Expanding Chinese ties with the Philippines can be attributed to the former Bush administration’s focus on anti-terrorism, which according to analysts, is far from what the country needs at the moment.

    With China’s rising influence in the region, the U.S. role in the region has diminished even with traditional allies and friends.

    Then in 2009, the U.S. signed the Association of South East Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) Treaty of Amity and Cooperation, a loose code of conduct for the region signed by the original founding members of the ASEAN in 1976 and its main dialogue partners, such as Australia, China, India, Japan and South Korea, in a gesture that signaled America’s return to the region.

    Even as China enjoyed an increasing economic and political influence in regional affairs, a broadly held stereotype was reawakened and fed “a suspicion that both Chinese development assistance and business practices are rife with corruption and intended to further Chinese — not Filipino – ends.”

    In the wake of the ZTE scandal, Kenney reported allegations that the Arroyo administration allowed the seismic exploration deal in exchange for bribe-tainted loans.

    Legislative and media critics of Arroyo, she said, also suggested that the administration is dragging its feet in meeting a 2009 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) deadline for defining the Philippine archipelago’s baselines in favor of China.

    The Aquino administration blamed Arroyo for the renewed conflict between the Philippines and China in the disputed Spratlys in the South China Sea.

    Aquino accused Arroyo of approving the inclusion of Manila-claimed territories, like the Reed Bank near Palawan, in a joint oil exploration in 2005 between the Philippines and rival claimants China and Vietnam.

    The inclusion of Reed Bank and a large portion of Philippine waters in the coverage area of exploration under the Joint Marine Seismic Survey Undertaking (JMSU) emboldened China to assert control over the territories long claimed by Manila.

    But Kenney believes even China’s soft power diplomacy towards the Philippines has its limits.

    Philippines-China relations have hit a rough patch following the ZTE scandal.

    The Chinese government admitted that the shelved telecommunications project has adversely affected the economic cooperation between the two countries.

    Beijing said that several cooperation projects with the Philippines have been stalled because of the scandal, adding that Chinese investors were “upset” by allegations of bribery and corruption in the botched National Broadband Network deal.

    And despite the Arroyo administration’s efforts to contain the damage, Kenney said “the spoken and whispered allegations of Chinese corruption expanded to cover virtually all major PRC-funded projects in the Philippines.”

    Vice President Jejomar Binay, meanwhile, discounted the probability of an armed conflict between the Philippines and China on the Spratlys issue, but said there is a need to upgrade Philippine-United States security ties, while encouraging China to become a truly positive force for peace and development in Asia.

    Binay told top level defense and security officials from 23 countries gathered at a forum at Harvard University Kennedy School that although the US is not obliged to take the side of the Philippines on its dispute with China on the Spratlys, it is bound under the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty to come to the defense of the Philippines if its troops, public vessels or aircraft are attacked in the area.

    He said that although he did not believe a China-Philippine armed confrontation would ensue because of Spratlys, it would be good for everyone to understand what could happen if the improbable happened.

    The Vice President said Southeast Asian countries should support “a balance of power in the region” by encouraging China to become a truly positive force for peace and development.

    Binay is in Harvard for a two-week senior executives program in national and international security. He was the only participant asked to give a lecture to the class of 72 highly selected security professionals that included some defense ministers of some countries and major generals in the US armed forces.

    In an hour-long lecture on Southeast Asian security, Binay said “there is need for the Southeast Asian countries to engage China individually and collectively to create the necessary structures for peace and stability in the region.”

    Binay told the group that despite recent incidents in the West Philippine Sea, otherwise known as the South China Sea, between China and the Philippines, dialogue continues between the two countries through normal diplomatic channels and an exchange of high-level visits.

    President Benigno S. Aquino III is scheduled to make a state visit to Beijing on August 31, presumably to discuss with China’s president Hu Jintao the two countries’ conflicting territorial and maritime claims, among other things.

    “Convinced that only a rules-based approach to the South China Sea issue can assure us of the best possible results, the Philippines is eager to see the 2002 Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea transformed into an operational Code of Conduct, based on the principles of international law, including the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS),” Binay said.

    “Since not all the South China Sea is disputed territory, we should be able to delineate which features are disputed and which waters are not, so that we could then agree on what norms to follow in each case. This should serve as a starting point in considering the Philippine proposal for the establishment of a Zone of Peace, Freedom, Friendship and Cooperation (ZoPFFC),” he added.

    Binay said the parties should be able to agree on what constitutes “unfriendly and exceptionable behavior” in the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and should refrain from pursuing it.

    He urged all parties to practice utmost transparency and predictability, more proactive diplomacy and a deeper institutional approach to the issues.

    He also asked the parties to look at models and points of cooperation that had worked in other parts of the world, like the Antartica treaty which 12 countries forged in 1959 and took effect in 1961.

    In that region, the parties agreed that the place be used for peaceful purposes only, and completely demilitarized; that full freedom of scientific investigation, cooperation and information exchange be guaranteed; that the treaty should not recognize, dispute or establish any territorial sovereignty claim; and that nuclear testing or nuclear waste anywhere within it be absolutely banned.

    Binay said that while the South China Sea is not Antartica, the principles that are working there may be worth looking at.

  • booksalebooksale Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    WIKILEAKS: China used 'carrot and stick' to pressure Arroyo administration

    US embassy memos support the Philippines' claim

    MANILA, Philippines - Corruption scandals during the Arroyo administration that involved Chinese investments broke the fragile situation in the disputed Spratly Islands and Scarborough Shoal, US embassy cables leaked by anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks said.

    Cable 08MANILA1838, classified confidential and sent August 1, 2008 in the name of then US Ambassador to the Philippines Kristie Kenney, discussed the allegations that Arroyo's husband, Mike, had accepted multimillion-dollar kickbacks from the Chinese in return for facilitating a $349 million telecommunications deal between the Chinese ZTE Corporation and the Philippines' National Broadband Network (NBN).

    The Arroyos have since been charged with graft over the botched deal but have claimed innocence on the allegations.

    "This and other recent scandals involving the Chinese led to charges in Congress and media circles that the Arroyo administration had likewise assented to the Spratlys joint seismic exploration deal in exchange for bribe-tainted loans, and that the government's attempts to get Congress to back off on inclusion of the Spratlys in Philippine baselines was similarly motivated by illicit Chinese influence," said the memo addressed to the US Secretary of State.

    The memo was referring to the 2005 Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking (JMSU) agreement between China, Vietnam, and the Philippines that coordinated "pre-exploration" of possible hydrocarbon reserves in the Spratlys.

    The JMSU was not extended when it expired because of the corruption scandals involving Chinese projects in the country, according to another confidential cable, 09MANILA428, that was sent by the US embassy in Manila on February 26, 2009.

    "Following allegations of kickbacks and corruption, the Arroyo administration had little choice but to allow the JMSU agreement to lapse when in expired at the end of June 2008," it said.

    Cable 08MANILA998, dated April 28, 2008 directly linked the controversy over the failed ZTE broadband deal with the JMSU in the Spratlys. 

    "In the wake of the ZTE scandal, allegations emerged that the Arroyo administration allowed the seismic exploration deal in exchange for bribe-tainted loans," the cable said. "Legislative and media critics of Arroyo have suggested that the administration is dragging its feet in meeting a 2009 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) deadline for defining the Philippine archipelago's baselines."

    Under UNCLOS, the Philippines retains an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 200 nautical miles, and may claim an extended continental shelf of 350 nautical miles.

    "Even the Philippines' 200 nm EEZ includes most of the islands, while the 200 nm EEZs of China, Taiwan, and Vietnam include few or none," cable 09MANILA428 said.

    Arroyo did sign a compromise baselines bill into law, just barely making the deadline.

    US embassy memos, however, pointed out that the law did not include the disputed territory in the Philippines' baselines and left the Spratlys and Scarborough classed as "regimes of islands."

    According to cable 09MANILA428, Arroyo saw the compromise bill as the best way to prevent the tension over the disputed territories from worsening "and partly out of recognition that the Philippines lacks the military capacity to defend the Spratlys, if it should ever come to that."

    The memo believes that with the compromise bill, Arroyo hoped that she may have "placated" China's simmering anger.

    Other leaked US embassy cables also discussed several Chinese projects in the country that got entangled in controversy, as well as the Spratlys dispute.

    They include the primarily Chinese-financed and Chinese-contracted North Luzon Railways (Northrail) project, which entails the construction of an 80-kilometer railway from metropolitan Manila to the Clark Freeport, as well as the expansion of the airport at the former Clark airbase.

    "However, allegations of overpricing and kickbacks in China-financed and -built infrastructure projects arguably led China to withdraw its offer of concessionary financing for the project in order to avoid the controversy that might follow the contract. The scrutiny of Chinese-funded projects has intensified and expanded to cover the Bauang pump irrigation project, the General Santos Fish Port Complex, the Northrail Project, and others," cable 08MANILA998 said.

    China threatened Philippines

    China used carrot and stick to pressure the Philippine government during the Arroyo administration, according to a confidential cable sent March 5, 2009 by the US embassy in Beijing.

    Cable 09BEIJING579 said a high-ranking Philippine embassy official in China, whose name is withholding because of a "strictly protect" tag in the memo, told a US political officer that Beijing's official protests against the Philippines' baseline bill had raised concerns that China was hardening its policy on the South China Sea.

    "We had never been nudged before like that," the Philippine official said.

    The official revealed that a February 18, 2009 summons meeting, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Wang Guangya reiterated his government's position on the South China Sea, rejecting any Philippines' claim to the Spratly Islands and Scarborough Shoal.

    The Chinese official asked that the Philippine government take action to prevent enactment of the baselines bill, and reserved "the right of China to take action" over the issue.

    The Philippine official expected Arroyo to sign the bill into despite China's protests "given that the Philippines believed it had already made concessions to China on this issue."

    Arroyo befuddled by Spratlys

    Cable 08MANILA1838 said the Spratlys controversy was "a strategic conundrum to the Arroyo administration."

    "Filipino nationalism and widespread suspicion over China's intentions in the region militate in favor of the government taking a more aggressive stance in advocating for Philippine sovereignty over the islands, and the terms of the UNCLOS likewise tend to favor such a position," it said.

    "On the other hand, the Philippines is the weaker party in an increasingly asymmetric relationship with China, and Philippine military forces are sufficiently occupied in addressing the nation's insurgent groups, without the added worry of projecting power in the South China Sea," it added. "It is clearly not in the Philippines' best interests to allow tensions in the South China Sea to escalate to the level of armed confrontations."

    While the American government supported the Philippines' stand that international law must prevail to settle its territorial dispute with China, US embassy in Manila maintained a hands-off policy on the issue.

    "When questioned by the Philippine media about the US position on the Spratlys, the Ambassador and other USG officials have consistently stressed that the US is not a party to territorial disputes in the region, and that it is our hope that all such conflicts will be resolved peacefully among the relevant parties in accordance with applicable international law," cable 08MANILA1838 said.

    The cable cited the embassy's response to questions regarding military war games between the Philippines and the US and how they are related to the Spratlys.

    "We carefully responded that the purpose of the bilateral naval exercise in question was to build capacity for interoperability and bilateral cooperation, that the exercise would not be carried out in the Spratlys area, and that the US calls on all claimants to resolve the issue peacefully," it said.

  • letran_jletran_j Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    Kween is back!  
  • knorrknorr 8anned by Abmin PExer
    Welcome back hello Garci
  • booksalebooksale Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    edited July 2018
    ellen tordesillas on the arroyo-china The Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking (JMSU) over Scarborough and Spratlys

    There’s a dark story behind the JMSU.
    It was connected to the $904.38 million package of investment from China that included the graft-ridden Northrail, NBN-ZTE telecommunications deal and Zhongxing Technology Equipment (ZTE) Diwalwal mining project.
    So important were the deals that Arroyo had to leave the bedside of the sick Mike Arroyo at St Luke’s Hospital and flew to Boao, China to witness the signing of the agreement for the jumbo loans.
    Malacanang’s press release aptly described Arroyo’s quick trip to Boao thus: “That’s the way things looked like for President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in her brief stay in this picturesque coastal town Saturday as she ‘came and went like a thief in the night,’ bringing with her an avalanche of Chinese investments to the tune of $904.38 million.”
    China made it clear to Philippine officials that that multi-million package would be delivered only if JMSU pushed through.

  • knorrknorr 8anned by Abmin PExer
    Anong drama naman kaya ito

  • bigblackcatbigblackcat Member PEx Rookie ⭐
    Patraydor yan si Arrovo. Sana iimpeach niya si duterte hahaha.
  • markfroilanmarkfroilan Member 🐯 Tiger Squad🥈
    Nga nga ang mga Lopez-Aquino-Cojuangco, ano na ABSCBN? Ang pamangkin ni Imelda ay nagbabalik sa pulitika
  • knorrknorr 8anned by Abmin PExer
    Hindi nila matandaan

  • mightymaroon108mightymaroon108 Member 🦅 Eagle Squad🏅
    mabuti na rin naging speaker si MRS. GARCI....para mabuhay ulit ang mga kaso nya :)
  • gotta lick itgotta lick it Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    natatandaan pa ba ninyo kung ano ang INFLATION RATE nun panahon ni GMA?

  • mightymaroon108mightymaroon108 Member 🦅 Eagle Squad🏅
    saka ano na nga po pala nangyare sa neck brace nyo madame? :)
  • booksalebooksale Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    knorr said:
    Anong drama naman kaya ito

    Grace blames arroyo and garci for killing his father.
  • peterinpeterin Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    Oh no.  Di ba galit si presidente sa corrupt (daw)?  Ano ito?  WPS and China the prime movers?
  • gotta lick itgotta lick it Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    peterin said:
    Oh no.  Di ba galit si presidente sa corrupt (daw)?  Ano ito?  WPS and China the prime movers?
    his friend, his very very best friend.
  • knorrknorr 8anned by Abmin PExer
    Neck to neck sila sa accomplishment ng poon

  • peterinpeterin Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    With the baggages that exPGMA brings to the president's fold (actually the concept of separation between executive and Congress nowadays is just in imagination), I am not sure if she is an asset to the sitting president.  
  • gotta lick itgotta lick it Member PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    hangang ngayon ba shocked ang mga dutertards?

    the common DEMONinator is BONG GO. he is a GMA lacky sent to back up DuDirty and push the plans of Tiyanak.

    totoo #16MillionIdiots kayo.
  • ValorianValorian Do no harm PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    yellowtards ata ang shookt sa pagiging HS ni GMA at hindi dutertetards..kaya ang daming pag uungkat ang nangyayari ngayon :lol:

    kasi naman, anim na taon at nasa inyo momentum, ni isa walang guilty verdict kay GMA..tapos BPE pa si Noynoy sa lagay na yan?

    :lol: :lol: :lol:

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