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Jobless Filipinos soar to 10 million — SWS

Jobless Filipinos soar to 10 million — SWS

MANILA,Philippines — The number of jobless Filipinos continued to increase in the third quarter of 2019, reaching an estimated 10 million adults, based on the latest Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey.

The survey, conducted from Sept. 27 to 30 with the results released yesterday, showed that the adult joblessness rate in the country has reached 21.5 percent, up from the 20.7 percent, or an estimated 9.8 million jobless adults, recorded in June.

It was also higher than the 19.7 percent, or an estimated 9.4 million, jobless adults recorded in March.

According to SWS, “jobless” Filipinos include adults who voluntarily left their jobs, those seeking jobs for the first time and those who lost their jobs due to economic circumstances beyond their control.

The latest survey showed that 4.4 million of those who said they were jobless in the September survey said they voluntarily left their jobs, while 1.6 million were first-time job-seekers.

The remaining 3.9 million were retrenched, either due to non-renewal of expired contracts, closure of operations of their previous employers or because they were laid off.

SWS said the rise in joblessness was due to increases in Metro Manila, the rest of Luzon and Mindanao, combined with a decrease in the Visayas.

The joblessness rate is highest in Balance Luzon at 25 percent of the labor force (up from 21.7 percent in June), followed by Metro Manila at 24.5 percent (up from 24.3 percent) and Mindanao at 19.9 percent (up from 18.7 percent).

Meanwhile, joblessness fell in the Visayas, from 18.1 percent in June to 11.8 percent in September.

Joblessness rose both in urban and rural areas, from 21.9 percent to 23.4 percent and from 19.8 percent to 20.3 percent, respectively.

It also increased among men and women, with the survey showing an increase in the gender gap, or the difference between the number of jobless men and women.

Compared to June, adult joblessness among women rose from 28.5 percent to 31.4 percent in September, while the number of men who were jobless rose from 14.3 percent to 14.6 percent.

This translates to a gender gap of 16.8 points in September, up from 14.2 points in June.

Job optimism drops

The same survey also showed a decrease in the number of people who believe that there will be more jobs in the next 12 months. 

Fifty-three percent of the respondents said they believe that there will be more jobs in the next year, lower than 55 percent recorded in June.

Meanwhile, 13 percent said there would be fewer jobs, one point higher than the 12 percent in June.

The number of those who believe that there will be no change in job availability in the next year decreased from 22 percent to 21 percent.

The survey is composed of 1,800 respondents and a margin of error of +/- 2.3 percent for national percentages.


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  • hellraiser2.hellraiser2. PEx Veteran ⭐⭐

    More Filipinos jobless in 3rd quarter of 2019: SWS

    MANILA - The number of jobless Filipinos climbed to 21.5 percent in the third quarter of 2019 as an estimated 10 million adults identified themselves as unemployed, according to a recent Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey released Saturday.

    The number is higher compared to the 9.8 million (20.7 percent) jobless Filipino adults in June and the 9.4 million (19.7 percent) in March, SWS said in its study conducted from September 27 to 30, 2019.

    Of the total, about 4.4 million adults (9.5 percent) resigned from their old jobs, 3.9 million (8.4 percent) lost work due to "economic circumstances beyond their control" or retrenchment, while another 1.6 million (3.5 percent) were first-time job seekers.

    Among those affected by retrenchments, about 2.7 million lost their jobs after employers no longer renewed their contracts.

    Some 621,000 others were laid off after the company they worked for closed operations, while some 596,000 Filipinos were fired from their positions.


    The story is on the positive side in Visayas as the number of jobless there was almost halved to 934,000 (11.8 percent) in the third quarter, from the 1.7 million unemployed (24.3 percent) in the second quarter of 2019.

    But most of the country reported higher unemployment rates.

    Joblessness rose in Luzon, with 5.3 million unemployed adults or 25 percent, up 3.3 percentage points from last quarter's 21.7 percent.

    Metro Manila also saw an increase in joblessness as 1.6 million adults (24.5 percent) in the area were found unemployed in the third quarter. This is about 0.3 percentage points higher than last quarter's 24.3 percent.

    Joblessness in Mindanao also worsened this quarter as 2.2 million adults said they did not have jobs. This is 1.2 percentage points higher than Mindanao's 18.7-percent joblessness rate in the second quarter of the year.


    Joblessness across all age groups increased, except for workers 18 to 24-years old.

    Joblessness in this age bracket dropped to 1.9 million adults (44.9 percent) from the second quarter's 2.8 million unemployed adults (50.2 percent).

    Some 3.3 million workers aged between 25 and 34 said they were jobless, while 2 million Filipinos aged between 35 and 44 said they do not have jobs.

    Among those aged 45 years and above, some 14 percent or 2.8 million said they did not have work.


    More Filipinos found themselves without work, regardless if they were staying in urban or rural areas, according to the survey.

    Adult joblessness rose in urban areas to 23.4 percent in the third quarter, up by 1.5 percentage points from last quarter's 21.9 percent.

    Joblessness also rose slightly in rural communities to 20.3 percent, up by half a percentage point from 19.8 percent in June.


    Despite the increase of joblessness among Filipinos, about half of the survey's 1,800 respondents said they were optimistic that there would be more available jobs in the next 12 months.

    Fifty-three percent of respondents said they expect "more jobs" over the next coming months, while only 13 percent believed that there will be "fewer jobs" in the near future. About 21 percent said there will be "no change" in the number of jobs available, while 12 percent said they "don't know" what will happen.

    As of September 2019, about 46.3 million Filipino adults are still part of the labor force, SWS said.

    This is a slight decline from June's 47.4 million working Filipinos, and the 47.6 million workers in March.

    The survey was conducted using face-to-face interviews with 1,800 adult respondents. It has a margin of error of +/- 2.3 percent.

  • hellraiser2.hellraiser2. PEx Veteran ⭐⭐

    Iniwan sa ere! Sonny Dominguez leaves hundreds jobless with Marco Polo Davao shutdown

    Hundreds of employees of the Marco Polo Davao hotel are set to join the ranks of jobless Filipinos after the family of Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez, its owner, decided to end its operations.

    In an announcement on its Facebook page Friday (May 8), Marco Polo Davao said it will close down effective June 15.

    “Marco Polo Davao is beyond grateful for the overwhelming heartwarming messages received following the news on the indefinite cessation of hotel operations effective June 15, 2020,” the post read.

    Marco Polo Davao said its priority will be taking care of its associates, though no specifics were given as to what they can expect from the company.

    “We will forever be grateful for your unconditional contribution,” the hotel management told employees.

    President Rodrigo Duterte had urged businessmen to help their employees by continuing to pay them their salaries or releasing their 13th month pay as the economy slumped due to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

    “Iyong sanang mga malalaking enterprises dito (I hope the big enterprises here), maybe you can consider paying the 13th month pay or just paying them maski kalahati sa sweldo nila kung walang trabaho (even half of their salary if they have no work) as a way of showing your solidarity with the Filipino at this critical time,” he said in a March 16 speech.

    Duterte also called on businessmen to “find ways” to help small businesses and ordinary citizens as the country deals with a crisis.

    With Marco Polo Davao’s closure, it’s clear Duterte’s plea fell on the deaf ears of his childhood friend.

  • hellraiser2.hellraiser2. PEx Veteran ⭐⭐
    edited May 29

    3.2M workers face unemployment

    MILLIONS of employees are expected to lose their jobs in the coming weeks as 78 percent or 79,550 of the 102,000 establishments affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) declared that they would be temporarily closed for six months, the Department of Labor and Employment (DoLE) said on Thursday.

    Labor Assistant Secretary Dominique Tutay said around 3.2 million workers, including overseas Filipino workers (OFWs), stand to lose their jobs because of the economic slowdown.

    She noted that of this number, 1.9 million were from the formal sector.

    “What we fear is slowly becoming a reality. Those establishments that reported to us their flexible work arrangement or temporary closure have already sent feelers that they might close permanently because of the huge effect of Covid-19 in their operations,” Tutay said in a radio interview.

    “There are some [establishments] who have sent letters informing us that they will retrench their employees in the coming days or months,” she added.

    Based on DoLE records, there are 2.9 million formal sector workers coming from 102,000 establishments nationwide that are currently under flexible work arrangement or on temporary work closure (TWC).

    Of the 102,000 establishments, 78 percent or 79,560 are temporarily closed, while the remaining 22 percent or 22,440 companies are under flexible work arrangement, which means the workers’ income have been reduced.

    Establishments that are under TWC are given six months to resume their operations.

    Those that will be unable to resume operations after six months would be considered permanently closed.

    “That is what we don’t like to happen, that firms on temporary work closure will become permanent closure. We are talking here of 1,9 million [formal sector] workers,” Tutay said.

    She added that aside from the proposed economic stimulus package now pending in the Senate and House of Representatives, the Labor department proposed a wage subsidy for affected businesses to preserve jobs.

    “The money will go directly to the payroll account of employers on the condition that they will retain their workers,” she said.

    The DoLE had concluded its Covid-19 Adjustment Measures Program and the Tulong Panghanapbuhay sa Ating Disadvantaged/Displaced Workers, Barangay Ko Bahay Ko (Tupad #BKBK) program, all part of the government’s response to mitigate the adverse economic effects of the pandemic on low income earners, as well as its Abot Kamay ang Pagtulong (AKAP) cash assistance emergency program.

    But Tutay said the Labor department had requested for the regular implementation of the Tupad program, which provides workers in the informal sector a 10-day emergency employment.

    Also on Thursday, the DoLE said the AKAP program is on again after it was able to generate another P1 billion, which would enable the department to assist 250,000 more workers.

    The fund came from the DoLE’s 2020 budget to further provide assistance to OFWs. There are 450,000 OFWs applying for assistance from the AKAP program.

    AKAP is a one-time $200- or P10,000-cash aid for OFWs displaced by the pandemic. The program has so far benefited close to 145,000 OFWs.
  • thytonethytone PExer
    hay kawawa naman mga kababayan natin..
  • crazy legscrazy legs PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    lumipad na yun mga jobless pinoys 🙂
  • _knorr__knorr_ PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    edited June 5

    PH unemployment at all-time high with 7.3 million jobless in April 2020

    The Philippines' unemployment rate for April surges to 17.7%, the highest ever on record, as the coronavirus pandemic wipes out jobs


    MANILA, Philippines – Unemployment soared to 17.7% in April 2020, equivalent to around 7.3 million jobless Filipinos amid the coronavirus pandemic, the Philippine Statistics Authority announced on Friday, June 5.

    National Statistician Dennis Mapa said this is the highest unemployment rate on record.

    Unemployment was only at 5.3% in January 2020, or 2.4 million people, and 5.1% in April 2019, or 2.3 million people.

    After January 2020, an additional 4.9 million people became jobless.

    The Department of Labor and Employment earlier estimated 5 million jobs would be lost due to the pandemic.

    All regions reported double-digit unemployment rates, with the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao suffering the worst at 29.8%. (READ: 'Sariling diskarte': The heavy impact of lockdown on micro, small businesses)

    To stay updated on news, advisories, and explainers, check out our special coverage page, “Novel Coronavirus Outbreak.”

    The employment rate fell to 82.3%, from 94.7% in January 2020 and 94.9% in April 2019.

    Mapa noted that 38.4% of employed workers reported that they were not working, primarily due to the strict coronavirus lockdown.

    Underemployment, or people who have jobs but are looking for more to meet their needs, rose to 18.9% in April from the 13.4% in the same month last year.

    The labor force participation rate among Filipinos 15 years and older is estimated at 55.6%, the lowest in the history of the Philippines.

  • hellraiser2.hellraiser2. PEx Veteran ⭐⭐

    Amid ECQ, jobless rate hits record 17.7%

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    MANILA, Philippines — Some 7.3 million Filipinos were jobless in April – the combined result of restrictions in mobility attributed to the coronavirus crisis and the delayed entry of young workers in the labor force – as the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported that the unemployment rate hit a record high 17.7 percent.

    Results of the April 2020 round of Labor Force Survey (LFS) yesterday showed that unemployment rose to 17.7 percent – the highest since the 8.4 percent in April 2005 when a change in definition of unemployment was implemented.

    In the January LFS round, the unemployment rate was placed at 5.3 percent, while in April 2019 it was at 5.1 percent.

    As of April 2020, the pool of potential workers aged 15 years old and above was larger at 73.7 million, compared to 71.8 million in April last year.

    However, fewer participated in the labor force in April 2020 – around 41 million, or three million less than the year-ago figure.

    This brought the labor force participation rate down to 55.6 percent in April 2020 – the lowest in the history of the Philippine market – from 63.1 percent in April 2019.

    The employment rate thus fell to 82.3 percent in April 2020, translating to 33.8 million Filipinos with jobs – much lower than the 41.8 million employed in April last year and 42.7 million in January 2020.

    On the other hand, the underemployment rate, which measures the number of
    workers with irregular jobs, also increased to 18.9 percent in April 2020 from 13.4 percent in April last year.

    This corresponds to about 6.4 million underemployed in April 2020, from 5.6 million in April 2019 – an increase of about 781,000.

    Malacañang has attributed the record-high rates of jobless Filipinos in April to the slowdown of the economy due to the coronaviurus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in the last three months.

    “We are saddened – albeit unsurprised – by the April 2020 unemployment rate released by the Philippine Statistics Authority, which registered at 17.7 percent,” presidential spokesman Harry Roque Jr. said yesterday.

    Roque expressed belief that the Filipino people will be able to rise above the challenges of COVID-19 in due time.

    As a result of the pandemic, Roque said President Duterte was forced to impose community lockdowns since March this year that prompted the shutdown of various businesses, which eventually took a toll on the economy.

    “This is an obvious effect of the economic shutdown when the entire Luzon area was in an enhanced community quarantine where most businesses were closed and many people were out of work and stayed at home,” he said.

    Roque said the Duterte administration has been taking steps to alleviate the people’s woes through various cash support programs.

    He identified these measures as the Social Amelioration Program (SAP) by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), COVID-19 Adjustment Measures Program (CAMP), the Abot-Kamay ang Pagtulong (AKAP) for displaced OFWs, Tulong Panghanapbuhay para sa Ating Disadvantaged/Displaced Workers (TUPAD) by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE); Financial Subsidy for Rice Farmers (FSRF) by the Department of Agriculture (DA); and the Small Business Wage Subsidy (SBWS) program by the Department of Finance (DOF).

    The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) is also coming up with a comprehensive set of priority policies and strategies for production sectors, which include agriculture and fishery, industry, services and tourism, to enable the economy to recover and transition to the so-called new normal.

    The surge in the country’s unemployment rate did not come as a surprise to the DOLE because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Labor Secretary Silvestre Bello III said the 17.7 percent unemployment rate recorded by the PSA is the “highest,” even surpassing the 10.3 percent during the 1998 recession.

    Bello noted that before the pandemic, the Philippine employment situation was vibrant, expanding at 4.0 percent or 1.6 million net employment generated.

    “When the pandemic hit, we feared that employment would be impacted badly. We expected these results given that health crisis has crippled most of our economic activities,” he said.

    According to Bello, the imposition of community quarantine had led hundreds of thousands of establishments to resort to temporary closures or flexible work arrangements as evidenced by millions of workers affected in the formal, informal and overseas sectors.

    “We also recognize the huge drop in the labor force participation rate at 55.6 percent, the lowest in the history of the Philippine labor market,” he said.

    The lockdowns from March to May, traditionally the period of job hunting for fresh graduates, put the labor force at a standstill as two-thirds of the economy was shut down.

    He, however, was optimistic that as the economy opens gradually, the labor market would also recover.

    Community quarantine

    National Statistician Dennis Mapa said the enforcement of the Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine (ECQ) that severely restricted the movement of people to control the spread of the virus affected employment growth.

    The entry of young Filipinos was also delayed during the first full month of enforcement of ECQ.

    Mapa said the July round of the LFS will provide an updated picture of the employment situation in the country as lockdown restrictions are eased.

    Acting Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Karl Chua said the relatively weak increase in underemployment in April could be attributed to the provision of social support by the government in the form of various cash transfers and subsidies.

    “This relatively smaller increase suggests that government support to the people, such as the social amelioration program, conditional cash transfer, rice subsidy and the unconditional cash transfer program under TRAIN, are working and reaching the people,” he said.

    Labor groups yesterday asked the Duterte administration to address the high unemployment rate, saying the anti-terrorism bill has overtaken economic stimulus as government’s priority.

    In separate statements, the groups have expressed concerns over reports of the PSA that the country’s unemployment rate surged to 17.7 percent in April.

    According to Partido Manggagawa president Renato Magtubo, legislators are now more focused on the passage of the anti-terrorism bill while millions of workers are losing their livelihood because of COVID-19.

    “Why did a terror bill that has gotten out of the store was picked quickly by Congress like an instant noodle? There is no terrorist menace surrounding our country right now to press a panic button,” he noted.

    Magtubo added the pressing issue in the county now is “chronic poverty made worse by the pandemic and the widespread sense of helplessness at home, in the streets and in workplaces.”

    According to labor coalition Sentro secretary general Joshua Mata, the government should roll out a more robust economic package than presently being drawn.

    “We need a stimulus package that would be enough to pursue an agro-industrial policy aimed at supporting drivers of growth while providing employment guarantees and income guarantees for workers,” Mata said.

    Defend Jobs Philippines spokesman Thadeus Ifurung underscored the need for the government to embark on “mass employment” to address the unemployment problem.

    But the group surmised the figure is much higher than reported by PSA. 

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