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Dynasties threat to democracy

buddywbuddyw PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

Dynasties threat to democracy


What is a political dynasty? A common meaning is the repeated election and reelection of close relatives with the same surname to offices in the local and national governments. The relatives appear to enjoy a monopoly of political power to the disadvantage of rival leaders. In this sense we can cite many provinces and cities with political dynasties.

Political dynasty members are seen to use their superior wealth, following and access to public resources to favor themselves. They attract their followers and keep them loyal with patronage.

Some of them even resort to unfair if not illegal means to keep their political rivals out of office: corruption, fraud, violence, vote-buying and intimidation. But other political dynasties do not. So we have “bad political dynasties” and “benevolent political dynasties.”

Over a century

For example, in one province, La Union, the Ortega clan has survived for over a century, or since the beginning of elections under American colonial rule. So there is some reference to an Ortega “political dynasty.”

However, apparently, many people in La Union do not trace the exceptional political supremacy of the Ortega clan to the negative factors we have mentioned. In this sense we can speak of a benevolent and respected Ortega “political dynasty.”

In general, however, political dynasties rise and fall. A political dynasty can be challenged and defeated, then rise again; or fade away when the people are dissatisfied and turn to other leaders.

For a long time, the Osmeñas and the Cuencos dominated politics in Cebu. Now, the Garcias, Duranos and other families are dominant. In other places politics is keenly competitive and unpredictable, and there is a turnover of ruling families.

Dynasties in Senate

The issue of political dynasties has heated up in relation to the 2013 candidates for the Senate who come from one and the same family or clan and thus bear the same surname as another senator, or President Aquino himself.

In this sense, loud public criticism and some cynicism greeted the announcement of senatorial candidates for the 2013 elections. One set belongs to the majority coalition: Bam Aquino, the President’s cousin; Sen. Alan Peter, brother of Sen. Pia Cayetano, succeeding himself; Rep. Juan Edgardo Angara Jr. succeeding his father, Sen. Edgardo Angara, who is reaching his term limit and running to succeed his sister as governor of Aurora province; former Las Piñas Rep. Cynthia Villar, wife of outgoing Sen. Manuel Villar; former senator Ramon “Jun” Magsaysay, only son of the late and beloved President Ramon Magsaysay (1953-57); and Sen. Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III, son of former Sen. Aquilino Pimentel Jr.

Under the banner of the United Nationalist Alliance, led by Vice President Jejomar Binay, the senatorial candidates include his eldest daughter, Nancy; Rep. Juan Ponce Enrile Jr. who would be joining his father, the Senate President; Rep. J.V. Ejercito who would join his brother, Sen. Jinggoy Estrada.

Prohibited but not defined
Certainly, the framers of our 1987 Constitution recognized the importance of maintaining a level playing field in political competition as expressed in the following provision: “The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.” (Art. II. Sec. 26)

Unfortunately, the framers left it entirely to Congress, many of whose members belong to political dynasties, to define political dynasties and prohibit them. The Commission on Elections (Comelec) can say that it has no clear basis to enforce the constitutional prohibition since the Constitution does not define political dynasties and Congress has not passed the implementing legislation on the subject.

If the framers had been more serious and discerning, they could have prohibited political dynasties effectively by a forthright constitutional prohibition such as this: “No outgoing elected official shall be succeeded to the same office by any person related to him/her to the third degree of consanguinity or affinity.”

This would prohibit the spouse, brother or sister, or in-laws, children, or first cousins of the outgoing elected official to succeed him/her in the same office.

Lack of implementing legislation would not prevent the enforcement of the specific constitutional prohibition. Indeed, the prohibition would make it mandatory for Congress to pass the implementing law. Or the courts would make the decision in a litigation and direct its implementation. The Comelec would be obligated to enforce the court’s decision.

Test case in SC

Businessman Luis Biraogo has asked the Supreme Court to enforce the constitutional ban on political dynasties in the 2013 elections. He alleges that the current batch of candidates is “the best testament to that political and constitutional mockery.” He cites not only the political dynasties in the Senate but also the Belmontes, Pacquiaos and Jalosjoses.

Biraogo asserts that the Comelec is vested with implied powers to make a definition of political dynasties and the “ministerial duty” to prohibit them. He argues that political dynasties are prohibited by the Constitution because they are inherently bad; it does not matter whether they are reform-oriented, or known for public service like Bam Aquino and the Vice President.

Symptom of problems

The rapid expansion of our electorate, consisting of more and more poor people, insecure and dependent voters, and increasing political competition have increased the cost of campaigning and incumbency for the political leaders acting as patrons of their constituents.

Our continuing semifeudal society and premodern political culture shape our dysfunctional elections, political parties, presidential form of government and unitary system of national-local government relations.

The cost of elections is rising in all democracies, except that in the industrialized democracies where many middle class citizens contribute to the campaign of their party candidates. Moreover, the state supports the political parties through subsidies.

In contrast, our middle class is not as broad and deep and effective as a countervailing force to the political establishment, although middle class members are becoming more assertive and our media are vigilant.

Again, many of our voters are poor dependents of their political patrons. These conditions put great pressure on our politicians to use their power and influence to raise funds for their political survival often through rent-seeking or private use of power, pork barrel politics and influence peddling.

Accountable politics

Political dynasties are thus the cause and consequence of our ineffective and unaccountable patron-client democracy, and personalized parties plagued by misuse of power, corruption and wastage of state resources, and of our rapid population growth and continuing underdevelopment.

We cannot begin to change our political system that breeds these ills without basic structural and institutional reforms, as we critics and Charter change advocates keep saying and writing about.

We need to organize nationwide and democratic political parties based on a defined ideology, and program of governance and reform, with regular dues paying members who continually engage the voters in discussing local and national issues and problems affecting them, and who choose their own leaders and candidates for public office.

In this way, the members own the political party and are not beholden to wealthy patrons. In time, this kind of political parties will help build an alternative to our traditional political parties which are loose and opportunistic alliances of politicians and political dynasties.

Without these various reforms, we cannot develop our economy to make it more productive, competitive, equitable and inclusive in its growth and benefits. We cannot control the excessive growth of our population and upgrade our environment.

Challenge to P-Noy

We do need a transforming President to unite our legislators,  local government leaders, civil society and media to begin to change the political system, and gradually our political dynasties. This is the true challenge to leaders who say they are committed to change. This is the real direction of “daang matuwid (straight path).”

To be sustainable, fighting corruption and developing the country cannot depend on our President’s charisma alone, however well-meaning and popular and trusted he is. These require dynamic, functional institutions and a critical mass of transforming leaders gradually replacing our political dynasties.

We need inclusive economic growth, population control and a sustainable environment. In a word, we need good democratic governance that will enable us in the long run to “build a just and humane society.”

 

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Comments

  • buddywbuddyw PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    Duterte dynasty: Baste, Paolo, Sara running in 2019 polls

    It’s a family affair in the upcoming elections as far as the First Family is concerned.

    At least three children of President Duterte are seeking local posts in the upcoming midterm elections.

    Sebastian “Baste” Duterte, the youngest son of the President, has filed his certificate of candidacy for vice mayor of Davao City. He will be the running mate of his sister incumbent Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte who is seeking reelection.

    Duterte’s other son, Paolo Duterte, is gunning for a congressional seat in their hometown Davao City. The young Duterte earlier resigned as Davao City vice mayor last year amid controversies, including allegtaions linking him to drug smuggling.

    Sara and Paolo have earlier filed their COCs for their respective positions.



  • RazorhawkRazorhawk PEx Rookie ⭐
    You got it the other way around, dynasties dont destroy demoracy. Democracy creates dynasties. 

    Because demoracy leads to big govt and dynasties cannot exist if the govt was poor and has just barely enough to exist. 

    The solution is to minimize govt revenue by abolishing all taxes, tariffs and revenue generating govt agencies except the pcso and pagcor. 

    Minimal revenue, minimal corruption and no dynasties. 
  • foxhound_23foxhound_23 PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    as usual bida na naman ang mga 3baks hehe.... 

    sila na naman ang heroes sa pangunguna ni demonyita cory at demonyito ninoy
  • EgozumEgozum PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    Duterte defends own political dynasty


    Posted at Oct 18 2018 08:10 PM | Updated as of Oct 18 2018 09:30 PM

    MANILA - President Rodrigo Duterte on Thursday defended the political dynasty he helped create in Davao City, as three of his eldest children are gunning for local posts in the upcoming elections.Duterte, who ruled Davao City for two decades as mayor and as representative for one term, said he does not want political dynasties, but that these flourish because the people themselves want them.
    He said his family was “forced” to serve in Davao City so that the place would not “go back in shambles.”“Ayaw ko ng dynasty, but we are forced… Magpunta ka ng Davao [City], you conduct a survey… Pumunta kayo sa tao, tanungin mo ang mga tao,” Duterte said in a speech during the 44th Philippine Business Conference and Expo in Manila.(I don’t want dynasties, but we are forced… Go to Davao City, you conduct a survey… Go to the people, ask the people.)He said when a politician is able to deliver, it will result in a dynasty because “iyan ang hingiin ng mga tao (that's what people ask for).”Duterte’s father Vicente was governor of the then-unified province of Davao.The President, meanwhile, entered Davao City politics when he was appointed officer-in-charge of the vice-mayor's post by then President Corazon Aquino after the 1986 People Power Revolution. The Dutertes are expected to have a steady grip on Davao politics, with his children with former wife Elizabeth Zimmerman running in next year's midterm elections. 
    Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte will run for re-election, while former Davao City Vice Mayor Paolo Duterte will run for Davao City 1st District representative.

    Their brother Sebastian will run for the city's vice-mayoralty post.Political dynasties are prohibited by the 1987 Constitution, but they have continued to flourish because of the lack of an enabling law.




  • gotta lick itgotta lick it PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    Quezon City Dynasties

    • Belmonte
    • Bautista
    • Cestello
    • Sotto
  • balthierbalthier PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    edited October 2018
    Hindi mawawala ang dynasty dito sa pinas. In power nga sila ngayon at kasama sa budget nila ang pagpapakawala ng maraming trolls sa Internet para ipagtanggol ang gobyerno at ang mga marcos sa lahat ng kapalpakan nila. 

    Their dynasty was "forced" nga daw. :wink:

    You might as well say all crimes committed are also forced dahil sa kahirapan at kung ano-ano pa. :lol:

    Duterte Dynasty and their troll minions.

    Papalag ka pa ba sa dynasty nato? Malamang ma EJK ka pa.
  • RazorhawkRazorhawk PEx Rookie ⭐
    If we want to stop dynasties, we need to limit the powers, revenue and roles of govt.

    The only good govt is minimal govt with minimal revenue.  Revenue is what attracts these vampires to run for govt office. 
  • balthierbalthier PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    Pera pera lang ang talagang sistema dito sa bansa natin. Wala naman nagbago.
    Corrupt as ever pa rin ang gobyerno. Dynasty rules:


  • BinayphilstarBinayphilstar PEx Rookie ⭐
    Remove the right of nontaxpayers to vote in all elections and you get to solve overnight the problem of corruption, pollution,, environmental degradation by dugyots, etc etc.
    In short, STOP THE TYRANNY OF THE POOR 
    but i guess I'm dreaming  pity the people living in the Philippines 
  • gotta lick itgotta lick it PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    Remove the right of nontaxpayers to vote in all elections and you get to solve overnight the problem of corruption, pollution,, environmental degradation by dugyots, etc etc.
    In short, STOP THE TYRANNY OF THE POOR 
    but i guess I'm dreaming  pity the people living in the Philippines 
    pssst ..... hindi na nagbabayad ng income tax ang kumikita ng 20K.
  • joerizjoeriz PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    If

    Dynasties threat to democracy

    Then the other way round is

    Democracy threat to dynasty

    If
    Democracy creates dynasties.
    Then the other way round is
    Dynasty creates democracy


    Nothing but the crazy and the nasty!
  • parvus1202parvus1202 PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    Ang dali ng solusyon dyan, e di wag ninyong iboto. Ang problema lang ang mga kalaban eh mga Abnoyans at LP na sukaaaaaaaang suka na mga tao.
  • buddywbuddyw PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    Duterte: ‘Ayaw ko ng dynasty, but we are forced’

    MANILA, Philippines – Speaking at length about how his 3 eldest children are running for Davao City's highest posts, President Rodrigo Duterte said his family cannot help but be a political dynasty because its members are "forced" to run.

    "Ayaw ko ng (I don't want a) dynasty, but we are forced," he said on Thursday, October 18, during the 44th Philippine Business Conference and Expo in Manila.

    Duterte, Davao City's longest serving mayor, said he felt compelled to get his daughter Sara Duterte Carpio to run for mayor for the good of the city.

    "Ako, ayaw ko na (Me, I don't want it). I‟m 73 years old. But ako, I could not see Davao go back in shambles. So I insisted on my daughter kasi kaya niya (because she can do it)," he said.

    He told those critical of political dynasties to conduct a survey on how Davaoeños view dynasties. What they will find might surprise them, said the President.

    "Go to Davao and conduct a survey. Ask the people. Because the barangay captains won't campaign for people they don't support," he said in Filipino.

    "Usually, 'pag naumpisahan ng isa, tuloy-tuloy na 'yan kasi hingiin ng mga tao maya (Usually, when one starts it, it continues from there because the people ask for them). That's politics," said Duterte.

    Sara, Pulong, Baste

    He spent a portion of his speech talking about his 3 eldest children vying for Davao local posts. Paolo is running for 1st District congressman, Sara is seeking reelection as mayor, while Sebastian is running for vice mayor.

    Duterte claimed Sara forced her younger brother to be her running mate. This is Sebastian or Baste's first time to run for a government post.

    "Pinilit niya itong ano ngayon bunso, si Sebastian. Walang ginawa 'yan sa buhay, mabuti mayroon na siguro kung i-vice mayor niya," said Duterte.

    (She forced the youngest, Sebastian. He does nothing in life, so maybe there'll be something to keep him busy if he runs for vice mayor.)

    As for Paolo, Duterte said his eldest son resigned as vice mayor last Christmas for two reasons.

    "He resigned as mayor in disgust because of his daughter. 'Yung picture (her picture) inside Malacañang Palace, parang napahiya siya. 'Resign na lang ako, 'Pa' (He was embarrassed about that picture in Malacañang, so he said, 'I'll just resign, 'Pa). Then, plus 'yung pinatawag sila ni (when he was called to the Senate by) Trillanes," said the President.

    He then castigated members of Congress for only calling persons to hearings to humiliate them.

    "You shame people, you humiliate them, you shout at them. Then after that, nothing. It's all show. It's all show.... If there was a legal case, then there's a mitigating thing if it happens to be true," he said.
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  • RazorhawkRazorhawk PEx Rookie ⭐
    edited October 2018
    joeriz said:
    If

    Dynasties threat to democracy

    Then the other way round is

    Democracy threat to dynasty

    If
    Democracy creates dynasties.
    Then the other way round is
    Dynasty creates democracy


    Nothing but the crazy and the nasty!

     No, democracy creates dynasties, and dynasties continue because people vote for them, people vote for them because of all the doleouts they get at taxpayers expense.   Democracy is simply the tyranny of the majority.  And the majority pay little to no taxes, they get more from doleouts than they pay in taxes. The less taxes the poor pay, the more they want more taxes ( on other people) so that they get more " free stuff"
  • RazorhawkRazorhawk PEx Rookie ⭐
    edited October 2018
    Remove the right of nontaxpayers to vote in all elections and you get to solve overnight the problem of corruption, pollution,, environmental degradation by dugyots, etc etc.
    In short, STOP THE TYRANNY OF THE POOR 
    but i guess I'm dreaming  pity the people living in the Philippines 
    The problem is, it is not just the poor who benefit from taxation and govt spending, many of the rich and the eilte also benefit.  Socialism for the rich is just as bad as socialism for the poor.

    The best solution is to abolish taxation , tarriffs and most of the revenue generation measures and policies of govt, coupled by the abolition of govt subsidies and 95% of govt spending.  No more benefits for anyone, rich or poor. End the gravy train.  

    And it is the squatters that should not be allowed to vote. Squatting used to be a criminal offense. It is time to recriminalize it, complete with the loss of voting rights. The poor should be allowed to vote as long as they are not squatters and as long as all govt subsidies ( for both the poor and the rich) and taxation and tarriffs are banned by the constitution. 
  • .                                                         .

  • buddywbuddyw PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐

    Robin Padilla slams political dynasties, endorses Duterte children in Davao


    Actor Robin Padilla on Wednesday called political dynasties the Philippines’ biggest problem while endorsing the candidacy of presidential children Sara Duterte-Carpio and Sebastian “Baste” Duterte in the president’s hometown Davao City.

    The 48-year-old actor on his Instagram uploaded a photo of the two presidential scions, who will be running for elective positions in the city.

    Sara, previously rumored to join the 2019 senatorial race, will be gunning for reelection as the city’s mayor with Baste, a political newcomer, as her running mate.

    Their older brother Paolo, a former vice-mayor of the city, will be running for a seat in Congress as representative of Davao’s first district.

    Padilla in his post said that while political dynasties were a problem in the country, he had faith in “the new breed of local leadership.”

    He explained that he was only exercising his rights as a tax payer.

    “Do not be misled by my endorsement of candidates. I need to exercise my rights as a tax payer. I need to choose who will be spending the money I pay in taxes,” he said in Filipino.

    He added at the end of his caption that he supported a revolutionary government with the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

    Some have criticized Padilla for openly supporting candidates from the same family despite having just expressed disdain for political dynasties.

    Padilla, who was granted executive clemency by President Rodrigo Duterte in 2016, has worked extensively with the Palace’s rehabilitation efforts in war-torn Marawi City. He has also since then been one of the administration’s staunchest supporters in the entertainment industry.

    He traded barbs with Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV, one of the administration’s staunchest critics, in September 2018 after Padilla challenged Trillanes to face authorities following the reopening of charges against him decreed by Duterte’s Proclamation 572.

    The actor once known as “The Bad Boy of Philippine Cinema” appeared in surveys on possible senatorial bets in the 2019 polls, but opted not to run.



  • foxhound_23foxhound_23 PEx Influencer ⭐⭐⭐
    dynasty? nakanang?! bat biglang mainit na issue to ngayon? anong meron? bakit noong mga nakaraang admin di yata to masyadong relevant? bakit ngayon biglang boom hot topic ngayon to? anong meron? 

    noon pa garapalan yang mga hinayupak na political families na yan di ba? bawal naman talaga dapat yan kaya kang bulok yung 1987 constitution mga corrupt din kasi gumawa.... 
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