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about Rizal issues

Hi ! Pls Help me . i am having an essay regarding about some issue about rizal . would you pls give me some idea or some issue about rizal ?


  • cretinous00cretinous00 The sea! The sea! PExer
    is he really our "national hero?" his name was nominated only at the time of the americans. he was a safe choice since he didn't stand for armed rebellion. our real national hero and first president is bonifacio.
  • SuibonSuibon Member PExer
    Him not standing up for armed rebellion is a debatable issue. The Americans certainly thought Rizal only wanted autonomy and not independence (and the former was true till at least till his family's eviction from Calamba)... but after that? Various historians have interpreted everything Rizal did from then on as preparing for an eventual revolution -- and there is at least one instance in Rizal's later years that make that seem tenable (why would you offer yourself up as an army doctor in Cuba at the time of the uprising there if not to take notes?) -- but nothing is unequivocal.
  • SuibonSuibon Member PExer
    Now for the OP -- baka naisulat mo iyang essay mo, pero kung hindi pa e may suggestion ako: bakit di mo isulat iyong tungkol sa so-called retraction ni Rizal ng lahat ng mga pinaggagagawa't pinagsususulat niya for the better part of 2 decades? Some say he recanted, married Josephine Bracken, and died reconciled to the Catholic Church -- others say he didn't -- kung si Mike de Leon e nakagawa ng pelikula ukol rito, e essay pa kaya?
  • F-A SoldierF-A Soldier Your Personal Jesus
    Many people today aren't for armed rebellion doesn't make them any less of heroes. Majority of early Americans 'Founding Fathers' were loyal British subjects (eg Washington, who wanted to be an officer not in the American militia but in the King's Army) a lot of them only wanted reform at first, with more representation in the British parliament (Ben Franklin, John Adams, James Otis). No one says today, that many of those who didn't fight or who didn't advocate open rebellion at first to be less heroic (Thomas Jefferson, James Madison).

    Plus he was only 33 when he was killed, we wouldn't have known how could've changed his views about armed struggle. I mean there were tons of 'changes' even amongst Katipuneros, some of them wanted concession when they were losing, some of them wanted to continue fighting and some wanted gradual reforms.

    One thing is for certain: Rizal helped create the movement that would become the armed struggle against the Spanish. Bonifacio started out as one of the members of La Liga Filipina. We know that for a fact many of the Katipuneros who fought themselves saw him as the heart of that movement. Here's a proof (picture of Katipunero veterans with a picture of Rizal )

    Rizal and his many colleagues did what armed struggle sometimes couldn't. They brought social awakening, identity and pride. And also international attention to their plight. Rizal was one of the first international Filipino academicians to export Filipino culture (he did several lectures in various colleges in Europe about then, and even now belittled, Tagalog language). His collection of Filipino cloths (some of his annotation on some of the Spanish accounts shows that not only he knew but took pride of the 'tradition' dating even before the Spanish) still exist in museums in Europe (Germany). He was one of the many early researchers and collaborators of many European anthropologist and scientists that did research and wrote about the Philippines (Blumentritt, Virchow, Jagor). He was one of the many who tried to revive the pride of pre-Hispanic Philippines by translating, annotating, and disseminating research through ancient accounts (ie Spanish like De Morga, Chinese accounts, Ibn Battuta etc.). He was one of the few who in fact revived the scholarly interest in the Filipino ancient writings (who went extinct and forgotten for all intents and purposes by mid 1700's, a hundred years prior to his birth).

    It's plain stupidity to think that not wanting to fight = selling out. The fact that he openly sacrificed his own safety MANY times from arrests (one Catalan anarchist who was jailed even wrote about seeing Rizal in jail; he said he felt sorry for him because he was wearing "tropical clothes" upon disembarking to be put in a cold Spanish jail), to censure, from banishment (to Hongkong, Dapitan), to eventual execution. If Rizal was a sell out he could've quit anytime he wanted even when confronted with death (he was even given a deal by both the Katipuneros to break him out of prison and by Spanish authorities if he recanted) but he chose the honorable path.

    Anyone can fight. Majority of rebellions in the world today are manned by people either bought (because of poverty). You can see them from Afghanistan to the Philippines. Armed struggles can start quickly and end quickly (sometimes extinguishes itself by infighting eg who killed Bonifacio? :glee:). IDEAS CANNOT BE DESTROYED EASILY.

    Rizal gave the ultimate form of defiance to any colonial masters: by destroying the idea that we are a race of subhumans who cannot be as intelligent, as passionate and as civilized as they are.

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