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  1. #1

    May pagkakatulad ba ang panunupil ng mga Amerikano at Hapones sa Pilipinas? :)

    May pagkakatulad po ba ang panunupil ng mga Amerikano at Hapones sa Pilipinas?

    May maimumungkahi po ba akyong magandang aklat na maari kong mabasa ukol dito?

    Salamat po sa mga sasagot.

  2. #2
    Quote Originally Posted by negrongIsko View Post
    May pagkakatulad po ba ang panunupil ng mga Amerikano at Hapones sa Pilipinas?
    Kabuuang Stratehiya:

    Sinakop ng Amerikano ang Pilipinas dahil malapit ito sa mga merkado ng Tsina upang palaguin ang kalakal Amerikano sa Asya.

    Ang mga Hapones naman ay ninais kunin ang likas yaman ng Indonesya, lalu na ang stratehikong yamang langis na panggatong sa indusriya't militar nito upang maipagpatuloy ang kampanyang opensiba...ang pagsakop sa Tsina ng puwersang imperyalistang hapones. Balakid sa daan nito ang Pilipinas kaya kinailangan niyang sakupin ito.

    Samaktuwid sa parehas na pagkakataon, ang pag-ari ng territoryong Pilipinas ay hindi mismong pinaka-mahalaga o pangunahing layunin sa mata ng mga amerikano noong 1898 o hapones noong 1941 dahil bahagi lang ito ng kanilang kabuuang stratehiya.


    Ilang mga Katangian ng Pananakop:

    Halos parehas rin lang ang uri ng pananakop, mayroon "coventional war phase" at "anti-insurgency/guerilla war" phase.

    Naging madalian lang ang "conventional war" phase ng pananakop sa Pilipinas ng amerikano. Numerically inferior ngunit materially superior ang mga amerikano. Ganoon rin ang kaso ng pananakop ng mga hapones.

    Ang pagkakaiba ay sa "anti-insurgency phase". Dahil ang Fil-Am war ay maliit na giyera lang at walang kaalyadong dayuhan ang mga puwersang pilipino, nakumpleto ng E.U. ang panunupil sa mga lokal na gerilyang insurrecto, mas malaki rin ang paggamit ng mga lokal na milisya (halimbawa: macabebe, native constabulary) laban sa kapwa pilipinong insurrecto.

    The American perod of occupation was fully successful because it had 40 years time to complete its invasion, pacify the local population, and introduce its benevolent side wihtout external harrassment from other foreign powers.

    That's why we still like the Americans despite the fact they fully used concentration camps, emptying whole towns and countrysides of people, extermination and genocide during the early years. The succeeding generation of Filipinos during the american period were the recipients of the full blessings of domination by a rich, advanced, and relatively liberal foreign overlord......"Benevolent Assimilation".

    Yung mga hapon, giyerang pandaigdigan ang labanan. Kahit nasakop nila ang Pilipinas at natalo nito ang kumbensyional na puwersang Fil-Am na USAFFE sa Bataan ay hindi pa rin lubos ang seguridad ng naitagyod na remhimeng maka-hapon. nanatili pa rin ang giyerang pandaigdig at panlabasan o "external threat" mula sa Amerika at Britanya, bukod sa aktibong resistensya ng mga gerilyang amerikano't pilipino. Dahil dito ay sadyang nanatiling "brutal" pa rin ang pananakop-hapones ng Pilipinas sa simula hanggang wakas.

    Ang isa pa maliban sa nasyonalistang "anti-U.S." na pangkat nila Benigno Ramos at Artemio Ricarte (Sakdalista-Kalibapi), ay kulang ang materiyales ng hapon at wala itong sapat na panahon upang mangakit ng iba pang lokal na simpatya o supportang popular na maka-hapon.....ang pinamagatang "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere".

    Kahit naitanghal ang gobyierno ni Jose P. Laurel sa tulong ng mga hapon ay matagumpay niyang napigil ang anumang hakbang ng awtoridad hapones sa paggamit ng mga pilipno upang lumaban sa mga lokal na gerilya o sa mga Amerikano sa pagdapit ng panahong "liberation".


    May maimumungkahi po ba akyong magandang aklat na maari kong mabasa ukol dito?
    In Our Image by S. Karnow is okay for the U.S. occupation. Yung librong The Philippines Under Japan: Occupation Policy and Reaction by Setsuho Takahata and Ricardo Jose is the best to have knowldge of the other.

    Also for I highly recommend you watch the film "Amigo" by John Sayles.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDQIpQa2mdk

    Here's a peek into 1930s Manila......
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZOI6r...feature=relmfu
    Last edited by Artemio Ricarte; Aug 24, 2011 at 03:50 PM.

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