The Auditory Learning Style
Auditory learners gain the most knowledge from what they hear. Therefore, they should be encouraged to read aloud when they must comprehend something from a book. Auditory learners should also be encouraged to summarize orally what they have read after they have read it. Summarizing aloud will allow an auditory learner to hear the information, so they can get a better handle on it. In addition, requiring a verbal summary will allow both you and the auditory learner to know whether they have grasped the material successfully or if whether more time may be needed for additional study.
Additionally, auditory learners tend to retain information from funny little jingles that they make up or that can be taught. Jingles, songs and poems spoken aloud can help auditory learners remember dates and events of importance.
Videotapes and audio tapes may also help auditory learners to gain the necessary knowledge that is required of them in a given setting. Study groups where topics can be discussed and debated aloud can also help auditory learners grasp the information they are learning.
The Visual Learning Style
Visual learners retain knowledge best by what they see. These types of learners should use notes that they can read and review later on. They should also make use of highlighters to color code information so it is more visually appealing and easier to read.
Visual learners also retain more knowledge from the use of charts, graphs, and spreadsheets than from oral lectures or other more auditory teaching aids. Computer programs and other types of visual aids can enhance their comprehension as well.
Flash cards are also a great source of learning for visual style learners. A visual learner can maximize the use of flash cards if they are responsible for creating and reviewing them. Allow visual learners an opportunity to organize material as well so that they will have to examine information closely. Lastly, the use of acronyms, visual chains, and mnemonics is useful for a visual learner as well.
The Tactile Learning Style
Tactile learners retain knowledge the best when they learn through hands on activities and move around while learning. Therefore, it is more difficult for the tactile learner to retain knowledge by reading a textbook, either to themselves or aloud, than it is for other types of learners.
When a tactile learner must comprehend textbook material, they should be encouraged to get up and move around the room while reading. Additionally, they can be encouraged to move their hands or tap their feet while they are otherwise sitting still.
Computer usage can also help tactile learners by allowing them to use their sense of touch. Tactile learners have a hard time sitting still and focusing, but concentration can be improved by allowing them to sit in the front of the classroom where there are fewer distractions.
Comprehension can also be enhanced by allowing tactile learners to point things out as they explain concepts, allowing them to exaggerate their lip movements, or having them learn from auditory sources that they can listen to while they move around.
This type of learner can also learn concepts by putting them to a beat and being allowed to tap out the beat as he recites what he needs to know. Additionally, tactile learners will comprehend more if they are permitted to get up and stretch from time to time.